Somali government has officially launched 2030 development agenda-SDGs in an event participated by more than 200 people representing national stakeholders and development partners. The meeting was jointly organized by the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation, in collaboration with United Nations Development Programme (UNDP – Somalia). Representative from Federal Government Officials, Regional States, Banadir Region Administration, youth, civil society, private sector, academia, development partners and general public have welcomed the launch and the early engagement process led by the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation. Main objectives of the launch were:
- To raise awareness and understanding about the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and its content, principles and commitments amongst national and international actors;
- To discuss what the global goals and targets mean in Somali contexts and the actions we need to take to achieve them;
- To mobilize support amongst national and international actors the way forward to implement and monitor the 2030 Development Goals;
Government officials gave reassuring and forward looking remarks. The Deputy Prime Minister of the Federal Republic of Somalia, H. E. Mohamed Omar Arteh has indicated the relevance of SDGs to institutional development and to the National Development Plan. “We need to strengthen government institutions to tackle poverty, protect the environment and improve security” said H.E. Mohamed Omar Arteh. “While the world have agreed to the 17 important goals for sustainable development, we have to be selective and prioritise these goals such as goal one of poverty elimination and goal seven of clean energy” said the Minister of Planning and International Cooperation, H.E. Abdirahman Yusuf Ali Aynte
Development partners have also stressed support and reiterate the need for Federal Government leadership and early engagement of national stakeholders and development partners. “Congratulations to the Federal Government of Somalia and to the Somali people for the early launch of SDGs while many developed countries are still behind” said the Honourable Ambassador of Sweden, Mr. Mikael Lindvall.
The event was widely welcomed by all participants and everyone supported the localization of SDGs for better implementation and monitoring.
PSG1: Inclusive Politics
Strategic Objective: Achieve a stable and peaceful federal Somalia through inclusive political processes. UNDP’s approach to support inclusive politics in Somalia is through three strategic areas: state building, support to constitution-making, and support to elections. New programmes on constitutional process, electoral support and parliament process, will build on these key themes.
Strengthening state structures and supporting stable and peaceful political processes is one of the core priorities of UNDP in Somalia. Building democratic institutions, such as a functioning parliament with a robust constitution, is crucial for Somalia’s transformation to a peaceful and prosperous nation. Further, UNDP will provide stable support in the build-up to national elections set for 2016
“Now, we have a constitution.”
“There are 3 classical powers. Each of them are well defined in the constitution. There is the legislative parliament and there is the executive with the president. And then you have the judiciary. The result of their work must coincide and be the elements that take the country forward.” - Mohammed Osman Jawari Speaker of the Federal Parliament of Somalia.
With UNDP’s strategic and technical support, fundamental shifts in the way that government works will encourage growth and stability in Somali institutions to deliver better security, services and opportunities for all.
In 2013, UNDP helped Parliament initiate law-making and oversight functions. Parliament began to effectively engage in the federal budget cycle, and exerting oversight of key ministries. Support was also provided to set legislative priorities. The Parliament Constitutional Oversight Committee was launched in 2013 with participation from civil society, youth and women’s groups and the media and a law establishing the Constitutional Review and Implementation Commission was passed in July.
Only 38 out of the 275 Members of Parliament (MPs) in the Federal Government of Somalia are women. In Puntland, there are only 2 women of 66 MPs sitting in legislature. In Somaliland, only 2 of 82 MPs are women. To combat this reality and set the stage for a more inclusive elected body, UNDP supported coordination on gender mainstreaming in government in each of Somalia’s regions. Efforts to promote women’s political participation increased nationwide through workshops, consultation and advocacy forums.
At the federal level, a dedicated project to support female MPs to become effective members of the legislature is being implemented through a national non-governmental organization. UNDP provides female MPs and civil society organizations with training on gender sensitive legislation and how to effectively influence the legislative process.
Through targeted community security activities, UNDP supports an empowered citizenry which can take their needs and concerns to authorities. As part of a joint Youth for Change Joint Initiative with ILO and UNICEF, UNDP’s Community Security Project social rehabilitation activities focus on holistic change in the lives of young adults – this includes a change of attitude. Through non-formal education tools and trainings on basic social skills, peacebuilding, rule of law, civic education, ethics, sports, arts and drama, community volunteer activities and literacy and numeracy classes, participants are enabled to explore their options and lead to economic rehabilitation and skills development.
UNDP provided further support to the informal and formal justice systems by standardizing the Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) to ensure that traditional ways of resolving disputes and the interface between formal and traditional systems are compatible and consistent
Strategic Objective: Establish unified, capable, accountable and rights based Somali federal security institutions providing basic safety and security for its citizens. UNDP recognizes the importance of a well-trained and equipped police force to protect civilians and promote peace. Our programmes support a police force which is more responsive to the security needs of communities.
UNDP’s Civilian Police Project works with law enforcement personnel particularly at the regional level to ensure that they are properly equipped to protect citizens, especially in violent and insecure areas. Working closely with law enforcement authorities, UNDP is ensuring critical support – such as thorough training and payment mechanisms – which will ensure the loyalty, commitment, morale, performance and retention of skilled police officers and security forces at this pivotal time in Somalia
Building a safe Somalia
Community-based policing pilot projects are increasing trusts in the protection services in Somalia society. According to a survey by Observatory of Conflict and Violence Prevention in Burao alone, the percentage of citizens who trust the police increased from 47% in 2011 to 66% in 2013.
Training police officers is an integral part of strengthening Somalia's security sector
With support from Denmark, Japan, the European Commission, DFID, Denmark, Counter Piracy Trust Fund, UNDP helps Somali law enforcement institutions deliver better policing services through recruitment, international standard law enforcement training curriculum that stresses human rights and gender issues, improved management capacities, internal governance and oversight. Strategies have been designed to improve access to inclusive, equitable and accountable forms of security and protection for all Somalis.
There is a focus on capacity development for key institutions that deliver civilian policing. This includes public accountability and parliamentary oversight mechanisms. Enhanced capacity and development of staff through UNDP trainings, workshops and joint working group mechanisms is an ongoing process.
Individual capacity development for police officers has been complemented with support for policy and strategy development, infrastructure support and provision of operational support and equipment throughout the country. By the end of 2013, UNDP cumulatively supported the training of 14,500 civilian police officers — including 5,800 in south central Somalia, 5,000 in Somaliland and 3,700 in Puntland.
In 2013, UNDP focused on strengthening the institutional and technical capacity of the Somaliland Police Force to promote human rights and introduce a sharper focus on gender equality. The Action Plan for Gender Responsive Policing and police response for sexual and gender-based violence was developed and adopted by the Police Commissioner. The recruitment and training of 150 qualified female police officers into the Somaliland Police Force shows the growing commitment within the armed forces to increase the gender balance.
Supporting robust and reliable institutions on the ground is key to UNDP’s work. UNDP is engaging the Ministry of National Security, responsible for the SPF in south central Somalia to support the police in setting up a police legal framework for a new Police Act that will result in restructuring the police organization and developing the individual capacity of police personal. Construction of police infrastructure, including local police stations, was ongoing in 2013, to help build localized security forces. Building infrastructure builds the capacity of the police force to help them do their jobs professionally and in line with international standards. UNDP also works with national and international partners to conduct specialised training – based on need assessments.
UNDP provided training resources to officers attending police academies in Somaliland and Puntland. Feedback showed they were encouraged and inspired by their training, and currently use the lessons on human rights and the importance of civilian accountability in their everyday work.
A strong police force must emphasize community security and have linkages with those mechanisms. This means empowering communities to use tools to target their unique challenges and environments.
Strategic Objective: Establish independent and accountable justice institutions capable of addressing the justice needs of the people of Somalia by delivering justice for all. Access to a functioning and fair legal system is one of the pillars of sustainable peace and development. To improve credibility, efficacy and independence of the judicial system, UNDP and local partners have established and strengthened access to justice and legal empowerment for vulnerable groups including women and IDPs.
UNDP focuses on long-term legal education and job placement to fill the justice sector with qualified legal professionals. UNDP also supports the Somali justice system to deliver trials and enhance the capacity to prosecute suspects of serious crimes, including piracy, in accordance with due process and international standards and with respect to human rights
Mobile Courts in Puntland adjudicated 1,824 cases in 2013
In Borama, Somaliland, courts are now the most trusted service provider for justice. Respondents noted their first decision making of the courts which UNDP contributed to through a caseload management system. people expressed confidence in the formal justice system. Photo credit: UNDP Somalia
PSG4: Economic Foundations
Strategic Objective: Revitalize and expand the Somali economy with a focus on livelihood enhancement, employment generation, and broad-based inclusive growth.Somalia remains one of the poorest countries in the world with a per capita income of $226. To reverse this reality, Somalia must build an economy that generates opportunities for investment, entrepreneurship, skills development, job creation and sustainable livelihoods.
Reducing risks for communities means ensuring a holistic approach to poverty reduction which addresses all areas of social protection: including rebuilding infrastructure, promoting youth employability, increasing educational opportunities, enhancing community resilience and effective environmental management
Fostering Economic Development in Somalia
A shopkeeper in a clothing and shoe store in the Somali capital Mogadishu. Long term employment fostered through the provision of grants and microfinance schemes benefit up to 1,880 entrepreneurs. Photo credit: UN photo/Stuart Price
UNDP encourages local government and the private sector to build more resilient and self-reliant communities.
Entrepreneurship and employment can be a catalyst for economic growth and poverty reduction. Recognizing this, UNDP supports initiatives which benefitted vulnerable communities across Somalia by strengthening economic foundations at the local level. Understanding the local dynamics of the job market allows UNDP to support local economic growth through demand driven investments in skills and capital to micro-enterprises (small businesses that often have less than five employees).
Young people are often the worst-afflicted groups to suffer social, economic and political exclusion. In Somalia, this is painfully true. As identified in the 2012 Human Development Report for Somalia, youth unemployment and isolation are some of the most urgent obstacles to the country’s development. However, by offering alternatives and support to disenfranchised youth, there is an opportunity to change these dynamics.
In particular, piracy-related crime will continue to be a concern as long as Somali communities are unable to secure sustainable economic opportunities. UNDP provides viable options to Somali communities and livelihoods training to at-risk youth to reduce the potential for crime and piracy. This work is being funded by the Anti-Piracy Trust Fund (including Shell, BP, Maersk, MYK, MOL, K Line, and Stena).
These alternative livelihoods activities include vocational trainings for young people, rehabilitation of basic social and productive infrastructure, and initiatives to increase market access. Project beneficiaries were involved in projects including the rehabilitation of access roads and the renovation of three markets, four vocational centers, four business centers, and one youth facility.
In Somalia, women face a number of barriers that limit their abilities to fully participate in social and political life. UNDP understands that these dynamics foster a greater negative impact of piracy on the women in the target communities. To address these challenges, UNDP’s Private Sector Development Project directly supports and empowers women in the target communities through consultation, specific skills training, and providing women access to microfinance and entrepreneurship opportunities.
Local communities must have a say in the use of the natural resources around them. They must be empowered to analyze, participate in and advance recovery and development, local enterprise, conflict and sustainable environment management. UNDP’s Environment Project has been working with local government to ensure that Somali men and women benefit equally from improved natural resource management. With support from Japan, Norway and the Global Environment Facility, UNDP works directly with communities on projects like water harvesting schemes to enhance the resilience of communities to alleviate the impact of seasonal droughts and floods
PSG5: Revenue and Services
Strategic Objective: Increase the delivery of equitable, affordable, and sustainable services that promote national peace and reconciliation amongst Somalia’s regions and citizens and enhance transparent and accountable revenue generation and equitable distribution and sharing of public resources.
As part of the UN Joint Programme on Local Governance and Decentralized Service Delivery (JPLG) with UN-Habitat, UNICEF, UNCDF and ILO, UNDP helps address these fundamental challenges, enhancing the capacity of local governments, particularly to deliver public services effectively. There is an urgent need to increase the capacity of institutions to enable them to deliver basic and necessary services to their people
Better service delivery in Somalia
UNDP support has helped institutionalize systems, and local governments in Somalia and are increasingly taking the time to listen to their citizens; consulting them, and assessing and responding to their needs. They are making relevant and better informed decisions, and communities are beginning to understand their roles and rights as citizens
The five UN agencies of the UN Joint Programme for Local Governance and Decentralized Service Delivery II 2013-2017 (UNDP, UN-Habitat, UNCDF, ILO and UNICEF) works with Somalia/Somaliland Government Institutions, Regional authorities, District Councils & Administrations, Legislatures, Municipal Associations, International and Local NGOs/CSOs, and the private sector to promote improvements in local governance which will contribute to peace consolidation, development and equitable service delivery for the citizens of Somalia.
JPLG II builds on the successes of the first of the joint programme phase (2008-2012) and seeks to support Somalia to expand decentralized service delivery through 1) strengthening policy and legislative frameworks; 2) developing capacity of local government and; 3) improving decentralized service delivery. JPLG II is in line with the New Deal developmentcooperation framework as well as the United Nations’ Integrated Strategic Framework for Somalia (2014). The joint programme aligns its support to the Somali Compact, including the Special Arrangement for Somaliland, and has a special focus on PSG 1, 4 and 5.
The Somali Compact lays out key 5 cross-cutting issues: gender, capacity development, bringing tangible results to people, respect of human rights, and external relations.Throughout all of its projects, UNDP supports the achievement of gender equality and women’s empowerment in all development results. Further, understanding that HIV and AIDS are key issues in the region, UNDP is raising awareness at the institutional and community level to mitigate its impact and support the basic human rights of People Living with HIV (PLHIV).
UNDP puts great emphasis on the key cross-cutting theme of gender equality and women’s empowerment. This means UNDP supported policies, raised awareness of women’s rights at the local communities and supported female students and promoted livelihoods for women
A community group meets in Bosasso
Expanding the reach of central and local governments to deliver equitable services, and opening up access to even the most marginalized citizens is critical to UNDP’s work in Somalia. Photo credit: UNDP/Noor Khamis
Expanding the reach of central and local governments to deliver equitable services, and opening up access to even the most marginalized citizens is critical to UNDP’s work in Somalia. Gender dynamics play a critical role in many of Somalia’s development issues. Throughout all of its projects, UNDP supports the achievement of gender equality and women’s empowerment in all development results. This also means providing guidance to Somali institutions to mainstream gender into their policies and programmes.
This means UNDP supported policies, raised awareness of women’s rights at the local communities and supported female students and promoted livelihoods for women. Somali women’s rights activists were provided opportunities for trainings and exchange to foster strong ties with regional & international debates on women’s rights.
Capacity Development is recognised in the Compact as a cross-cutting issue and it scope was wide. And, for UNDP, improved civil service, strengthened government institutions and capacity building is a very strong focus for the next year.
To deliver on the priorities and commitments on public sector capacity development identified in the Somali Compact, the government is leading an Institutional Capacity Development Flagship Programme, jointly supported by the World Bank, UNDP and development partners. Through support to the Ministries of Labour, the civil service commissions and other relevant government institutions, UNDP supported the development and implementation of civil service management reform processes, laying the basis for a professional civil service. Over the past few years, thousands of government staff received training in their specific fields of expertise.
According to 2012 UNAIDS estimates, 31,000 people are living with HIV in Somalia – over half of which are women. UNDP’s HIV Programme works with Somali institutions and stakeholders to understand and respond to the development dimensions of HIV and health, recognizing that action outside the health sector can contribute significantly to better health outcomes. At the policy level, UNDP supports coordination efforts of the 3 Somali AIDS Commissions.